关于Packman的收录标准


#1

请问Packman仓库里是否都是自由软件?还是包含一些允许分发的非自由软件(就像non-oss仓库那样)?
补充说明: 此处的自由软件仅考虑其许可证是否是自由的(FSF或OSI所定义的),不考虑是否受到专利限制。


#2

Packman offers various additional packages for openSUSE, especially but not limited to multimedia related applications and libraries that are on the openSUSE Build Service application blacklist. It’s the largest external repository of openSUSE packages. Packman is comprised of the following four repositories:

  • Essentials: provides codecs and audio and video player applications, to fulfill the most essential needs
  • Multimedia: contains many more multimedia related applications
  • Extra: additional non multimedia related applications, mostly network related
  • Games: obviously, games

#3

packman 就是收录那些被专利的模糊条款搞得不知道是不是违反专利的开源软件。比如各种解码器。非开源也是不行的,它的服务器也是公司赞助的资源不是个人的


#4

能不能将NV的驱动收录呀,最近一年来,NV的驱动下载经常失败


#5

NoVideo驱动不开源,肯定是不行了


#6

很可惜,Packman似乎并非只包含自由软件。一个例子是RAR,其license.txt显然不是一个自由的许可证,如下:

END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

The following agreement regarding RAR (and its Windows version - WinRAR)
archiver - referred to as "software" - is made between win.rar GmbH -
referred to as "licensor" - and anyone who is installing, accessing
or in any other way using the software - referred to as "user".
  1. The author and holder of the copyright of the software is
    Alexander L. Roshal. The licensor and as such issuer of the license
    and bearer of the worldwide exclusive usage rights including the rights
    to reproduce, distribute and make the software available to the public
    in any form is win.rar GmbH, Marienstr. 12, 10117 Berlin, Germany.

  2. The software is distributed as try before you buy. This means that
    anyone may use the software during a test period of a maximum of 40 days
    at no charge. Following this test period, the user must purchase
    a license to continue using the software.

  3. The software’s trial version may be freely distributed, with exceptions
    noted below, provided the distribution package is not modified in any way.

    a. Nobody may distribute separate parts of the package, with the exception
    of the UnRAR components, without written permission.

    b. The software’s unlicensed trial version may not be distributed
    inside of any other software package without written permission.
    The software must remain in the original unmodified installation
    file for download without any barrier and conditions to the user
    such as collecting fees for the download or making the download
    conditional on the user giving his contact data.

    c. The unmodified installation file of WinRAR must be provided pure
    and unpaired. Any bundling is interdicted. In particular the use
    of any install or download software which is providing any kind
    of download bundles is prohibited unless granted by win.rar GmbH
    in written form.

    d. Hacks/cracks, keys or key generators may not be included, pointed to
    or referred to by the distributor of the trial version.

    e. In case of violation of the precedent conditions the allowance
    lapses immediately and automatically.

  4. The trial version of the software can display a registration reminder
    dialog. Depending on the software version and configuration such dialog
    can contain either a predefined text and links loaded locally
    or a web page loaded from the internet. Such web page can contain
    licensing instructions or other materials according to the licensor’s
    choice, including advertisement. When opening a web page, the software
    transfers only those parameters which are technically required
    by HTTP protocol to successfully open a web page in a browser.

  5. The software is distributed “as is”. No warranty of any kind is expressed
    or implied. You use at your own risk. Neither the author, the licensor
    nor the agents of the licensor will be liable for data loss, damages,
    loss of profits or any other kind of loss while using or misusing
    this software.

  6. There are 2 basic types of licenses issued for the software. These are:

    a. A single computer usage license. The user purchases one license to
    use the software on one computer.

    Home users may use their single computer usage license on all
    computers and mobile devices (USB drive, external hard drive, etc.)
    which are property of the license owner.

    Business users require one license per computer or mobile device
    on which the software is installed.

    b. A multiple usage license. The user purchases a number of usage
    licenses for use, by the purchaser or the purchaser’s employees
    on the same number of computers.

    In a network (server/client) environment the user must purchase
    a license copy for each separate client (workstation) on which
    the software is installed, used or accessed. A separate license copy
    for each client (workstation) is needed regardless of whether
    the clients (workstations) will use the software simultaneously
    or at different times. If for example you wish to have 9 different
    clients (workstations) in your network with access to RAR,
    you must purchase 9 license copies.

    A user who purchased a license, is granted a non-exclusive right to use
    the software on as many computers as defined by the licensing terms above
    according to the number of licenses purchased, for any legal purpose.

  7. There are no additional license fees, apart from the cost of the license,
    associated with the creation and distribution of RAR archives,
    volumes, self-extracting archives or self-extracting volumes.
    Owners of a license may use their copies of the software to produce
    archives and self-extracting archives and to distribute those archives
    free of any additional royalties.

  8. The licensed software may not be rented or leased but may be permanently
    transferred, in its entirety, if the recipient agrees to the terms of
    this license.

  9. To buy a license, please read the file order.htm provided with
    the software for details.

  10. You may not use, copy, emulate, clone, rent, lease, sell, modify,
    decompile, disassemble, otherwise reverse engineer, or transfer
    the licensed software, or any subset of the licensed software,
    except as provided for in this agreement. Any such unauthorized use
    shall result in immediate and automatic termination of this license
    and may result in criminal and/or civil prosecution.

    Neither RAR binary code, WinRAR binary code, UnRAR source
    or UnRAR binary code may be used or reverse engineered to re-create
    the RAR compression algorithm, which is proprietary, without written
    permission.

    The software may be using components developed and/or copyrighted
    by third parties. Please read “Acknowledgments” help file topic
    for WinRAR or acknow.txt text file for other RAR versions for details.

  11. This License Agreement is construed solely and exclusively under
    German law. If you are a merchant, the courts at the registered office
    of win.rar GmbH in Berlin/Germany shall have exclusive jurisdiction
    for any and all disputes arising in connection with this License
    Agreement or its validity.

  12. Installing and using the software signifies acceptance of these terms
    and conditions of the license. If you do not agree with the terms of this
    license, you must remove all software files from your storage devices
    and cease to use the software.


#7

仔细读下这个 license,它不限制试用版本的再分发。绝大多数私有协议都限制了这个,你只能从我手里拿东西,把我的东西再给出去不行或者受到很严格的限制。


#8

再分发的确不被限制,这意味着packman的收录是不侵犯版权的。然而,条款10的限制使得rar不再是自由的。另外,rar并不公开源代码,因此即使是开源也无从谈起。

You may not use, copy, emulate, clone, rent, lease, sell, modify,
decompile, disassemble, otherwise reverse engineer, or transfer
the licensed software, or any subset of the licensed software,
except as provided for in this agreement.

… the RAR compression algorithm, which is proprietary, …

所以,packman的收录似乎只要求允许再分发?